Piracy off the coast of Somalia has been a threat to International shipping since 2005. Piracy has impeded the delivery of shipments and increased shipping expenses, costing an estimated $6.6 to $6.9 billion a year in global trade as per Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP).
Pirates have been attacking vessels passing the Horn of Africa since 2005, when they received a $315,000 ransom for Feisty Gas, a ship owned by a company in Hong Kong. Since then, the payments have risen continuously and reaching a high amount of money.
You can be a suspicious and stressed person if you try to define the root cause of Somalian Piracy without a touchable investigation with fairness approach. But, globally, a United Nations report and several news sources have suggested that piracy off the coast of Somalia is caused in part by illegal fishing.
According to the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) and the U.S.House Armed Services Committee, there is also information indicating that the dumping of toxic waste in Somali waters by foreign vessels has also severely constrained the ability of local fishermen to earn a living and forced many to turn to piracy instead.
Globally is believed that, the local coastal communities "strongly support the piracy as a form of national defense of the country's territorial waters", and the pirates believe they are protecting their fishing grounds and exacting justice and compensation for the marine resources stolen. Obviously, the radical groups’ involvement caused the coastal community support by feeling fear of possible reprisals if they refuse piracy actions going on their livelihoods and they don’t have any participation rights to comment or public meeting about the Piracy of Somalia.
The Coastal Development Organization (CODO) explained through the current status report, that Somali fishermen who are tremendously under thematic attacks, stigma and discrimination by foreign vessels fishing illegally in Somalian waters as well as the International Community are fighting to defeat piracy acts in Somali coastal zones.
Piracy negative impact on the political, social, economic and humanitarian situation of affected states has seen Somali fishing industry and allocates to speak out and promised to work very closely for those dealing with anti-piracy actions.
Many coastal dwellers that had turned to piracy since the onset of the civil war almost 20 years ago In 1994, and they are still working as artisanal lobster divers in Eyl – "one of the best" the lobster population off the coast of Eyl has been devastated by foreign fishing fleets, Using steel-pronged drag fishing nets, these foreign trawlers did not just bother with nimble explorations of the reefs: they uprooted them, netting the future livelihood of the nearby coastal people along with the day's catch. Today, the foreign fishing fleets had become more challenging prey, entering into protection contracts with local warlords or policy makers without legal permission from government that made armed guards and anti-aircraft guns regular fixtures on the decks of their ships. So, like all successful hunters. Local fishermen adapted to their changing environment, and began going after commercial shipping vessels.
Somali fishermen need help to solve the problems from the coastal zones professionally, physically, economically and security, so as to insure Somali coastal community rights, Somali fishermen believe that they are not only being robbed of their fish. They said they are ramming our boats and taking our nets -- including the catch."
Somali officials announced plans to regulate fishing in the country’s troubled waters; illegal trawlers continue to operate while local fishermen suffer attacks and depleted catches. The fishermen are not only losing a way of life but also their lives, according to Somali fishermen.
"We are not only being denied our fish but also our lives are in danger," said Mohamed Abdirahman, a member of Bosasso fishing cooperative, in the self-declared autonomous region of Puntland, northeastern Somalia, and so on other coastal zones,
"Early this year we lost five members after their boat was run over by a big ship and I can tell you it was no accident," said Abdirahman.
“We know that the costs imposed by Somali piracy on the global economy are so high and that international mobilization to eradicate piracy is ongoing effort. However, these efforts cannot be sustained without stable of Somalia.”Parallel to that, the Government has launched a huge campaign to eradicate the piracy through mediation and dialogue with the community leaders and the local stakeholders. The fruits of this campaign have led to the voluntary denunciation of so many young Somalis to these illegal activities. The Government is planning to present to the international community, a plan for reengaging the young former pirates by establishing a vocational training centers and reeducating to abide by the national and international laws”, the president added.
The Coastal Development Organization (CODO) is calling the International Community to respect the voice from the local fishermen and allocate their participation rights endue course in order to shift piracy ending in Somali maritime.
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